The following article is taken from http://savethewater.org/did-you-know/water-facts/ ~ a virtual encyclopedia of all things water related – a marvelous site to visit!
The mission of Save the Water™ is to conduct water research to identify toxic chemicals harmful to humans, animals, and the environment. Save the Water™ is committed to finding methods to eliminate the toxins and improve the quality of drinking water.
Water Trivia ~ part of Save the Water’s “500 Water Facts” site.
• It takes about 1 gallon of water to process a quarter pound of hamburger.
• It takes 2,072 gallons of water to make four new tires.
• The first United States water plant with filters was built in 1872 in Poughkeepsie, New York.
• In 1908, Jersey City, New Jersey and Chicago, Illinois were the first water supplies to be chlorinated in the United States.
• Water intoxication occurs when water dilutes the sodium level in the bloodstream and causes an imbalance of water in the brain.
• In the 1950’s scientists began to suspect that water might carry diseases. Although earlier treatment of water could make the water safer, it was mainly done to improve the taste, smell or looks of the water. One gallon of water is equal to 3.785 liters of water. The overall amount of water on our planet has remained the same for two billion years.
• The United States consumes water at twice the rate of other industrialized nations.
• One cubic foot of water is equal to 7.48 gallons of water.
• Water boils at 212o Fahrenheit or 100o Celsius.
• Ancient Egyptians treated water by siphoning water out of the top of huge jars after allowing the muddy water from the Nile River to settle
• At any one time, it is estimated that half the world’s hospital beds are occupied with patients suffering from waterborne diseases.
• Average amount of pesticides used, per acre, per year, in agriculture: 2.7 pounds.
• Amount of water used by 60,000 villagers in Thailand, on average, per day: 6,500 cubic meters.
• Amount of water used by one golf course in Thailand, on average, per day: 6,500 cubic meters.
• Most of the earth’s surface water is permanently frozen or salty.
• Approximately 70% of the world’s supply of fresh water is located in Antarctica, locked in 90% of the world’s ice. (Source: Gulf of Maine Research Institute)
• The earth’s total allotment of water has a volume of about 344 million cubic miles. Of this:
• 315 million cubic miles (93%) is sea water!
• 9 million cubic miles (2.5%) is in aquifers deep below the earth’s surface.
• 7 million cubic miles (2%) is frozen in polar ice caps.
• 53,000 cubic miles of water pass through the planet’s lakes and streams.
• 4,000 cubic miles of water is atmospheric moisture.
• 3,400 cubic miles of water are locked within the bodies of living things.
• Water freezes at 32o Fahrenheit or 0o Celsius.
• During the 20th century, water use increased at double the rate of population growth; while the global population tripled, water use per capita increased by six times.