Category Archives: Uncategorized

Belize’s Blue Hole.

A team of scientist’s and Richard Branson have returned from the bottom of Belize’s Great Blue Hole with exciting findings.

The Great Blue hole is the world’s largest sinkhole, measuring 300 meters across and 125 meters deep. The group began their quest in December of 2018 looking for the secrets that lay at the bottom.

Using two subs they created the first 3D map of the interior.

One of the most exciting findings were stalactites , a type of mineral formation shaped like icicles. They were seen some 407 ft into the hole, right near the bottom.

Another crazy thing is the hydrogen sulfide layer, appearing at around 300ft, cutting off all light below. The water becomes inky black and totally anoxic with absolutely no life. Thanks to high resolution sonar the team were able to see the unique features of the hole.

Interestingly, not everything could be identified. Some tracks on the bottom could not be figured out as to who they came from.

Everyone was pleased to see the Blue Hole was almost free of trash, only a few pieces of plastic were found.

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Trump Gators??

In South Carolina two alligators with leathery orange skin are mystyfying the townspeople.

The two reptiles were found in a pond in Bluffton. Did someone paint them, did they eat cheetos, or are they albinos?

The South Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources feels the color could simply be rust from drain pipes. In the winter gators like to find a nice place to hibernate. Some may be finding their way beside drain pipes that have rusty metal pieces, so all winter they marinate in rust and are stained.

The thing is orange alligators are not seen every year, that is why when seen they get so much attention. Keeping a safe distance is recommended. They are meat eaters and demand respect.

Drought in the Amazon Rain Forest..How Does it Cope?

The Amazon rain forest has a large influence on the global climate and future warming. Dry spells are projected to become more frequent and harsher, so how is this going to affect the rain forest.

Researchers from Michigan State have examined the Amazon’s response to droughts in order to predict how forest growth and physiology will affect tree diversity and ultimately the planet’s climate.

The Tapajos National Forest in Brazil was studied with 41 monthly surveys between 2010 and 2017. The structure of the forest was studied to see how it changed in response to seasonal water stress and a strong El Nino.

It was found that the rainforest increased the amount of leaves in its highest canopy during dry seasons and drought…with the number of leaves on the lower level going down.

Their study also allowed them to divide the forest by height and light. It was found that the small trees where shading was low and sunlight high were losing their leaves. Smaller trees in shaded areas, added more leaves.

It is key to note that the dryer periods are also sunnier periods. Tall trees have deeper roots, giving more access to water, maybe taking advantage of the increased sunlight to spread their crowns. Small trees in the shade maybe taking advantage of increased light in the cooler shaded areas. Short trees in high heat and light suffer the most.

Cold Weather Fun

With it being so cold with a Polar Vortex affecting a large chunk of North America it does not have to be a no fun situation. As they say when life gives you lemon , make lemonade.

Let’s take advantage of the cold to have some fun. Toss hot water into the cold air to create an eye-catching vapour as it freezes before it flies away.

India’s Water Crisis…Getting Worse.

India is suffering from the worst water crisis in its history and around 600 million people face severe water shortages. Around 200,000 Indians die annually due to inadequate access to clean water. 21 of its cities are likely to run out of ground water by 2020.

…and it will only get worse as the 1.4 billion people continue to grow at a rate of 1%. By 2030 the demand for water is projected to be twice the available supply. Water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people will become normal.

The economics of the situation mean India will lose 6% of GDP. Infrastructure is in desperate need of up grading. Line ups for government water trucks and public taps is common in the slums who are reliant on these services.

The monsoon rains are becoming increasingly erratic, so ground water is in greater use in farming.

Efforts at developing good water legislation  exist in 80% of the country, but poor data management and failure to price water properly has hindered these efforts. Water is cheap, people think it is free.

Water is not a problem, until there is none.

Guelph recognized as water efficient.

Guelph is the first Canadian city recognized with being water efficient. Conservation and efficiency are a community priority.

The Alliance for Water Efficiency has given their silver level recognition to Guelph. They are being recognized for their innovative and successful  efforts based on how the city meets the American Water Works Association G480 Water Conservation Program Operation and Management Standards.  These standards are considered best in class for developing, delivering, and evaluating water conservation programs.

The community priority is seen in the overall usage rate. Guelph residents use water at well below the provincial and national averages.

Guelph is one of the largest communities to rely on groundwater for its municipal water supply.

Greenland is melting…

Greenland is melting faster than scientist originally predicated..leading to faster sea-level rise due to our warming planet.

Large chunks of glacier continually fall in the southeast and northwest, making these areas popular for study, as these chunks float away and melt. A new study found the largest constant ice loss from 2003-2013 came from Greenland’s southwest region, an area not known for its glaciers.

With no glaciers the ice loss was tracked back inland. Thanks to global warming growing rivers of water are flowing into the ocean each summer contributing to sea level rise. This is happening now and we are not turning back. Soon we will have to adapt and mitigate further damage. There is going to be an effect. The ice is at a tipping point.

The North Atlantic Ossilation brings warm air to West Greenland looks to be building on man-made climate change enhancing melting , especially in the south-west. NAO is a natural occurrence , but gets supercharged with the increased warmth.

Low lying coastlines, and the millions of people who habitate them are at risk.