6 Reasons To Drink Water

Drinking water is essential to your health. Water is a nutrient your body needs that is available in plain water or foods and fluids. Loss of fluids are occurring continuously through the day, from evaporation through the skin, breathing, urine or in your stool. These losses must be replaced daily to maintain good health.

Let’s take a look at 6 reasons to make sure you are drinking enough water.

1. Drinking water helps maintain the balance of bodily fluids. We are about 60% water and need this amount to function in an optimum fashion. Less and our bodily systems tells us we are thirsty. More and we need to urinate.

2.Water helps control calories. Substitute water for high calorie fluids.

3. Water helps energize muscles. When muscle cells don’t have enough fluid they do not perform as well.

4. Water helps skin look good. Dehydration makes your skin look dry and wrinkled. This can be avoided with proper hydration.

5. Water helps your kidneys. Kidneys cleanse and rid the body of toxins as long as your intake of water is adequate. If you are getting enough fluids your urine should be clear and free of odor.

6. Water helps to maintain normal bowel function. good hydration keeps thing running smoothly in your gastrointestinal track..and helps prevent constipation.

Bottled Water Now More Popular Than Soda

Out of the USA, we have it that water has overtaken pop in popularity, but some feel it is worth highlighting the hidden cost in terms of plastic bottles.

Bottled water consumption last year hit 39.3 gallons per person vs pop consumption of 38.5 gallons per person. This is the first time bottled water has beat out pop.

Consider that per capita consumption of pop drinks was over 50 gallons in the 1990’s and early 2000’s. Soda is still more expensive with sales of 39.5 billion vs 21.3 billion for water. The decline for pop sales has been on a steady decline since 2003.This comes with the highlighted concerns of sugary beverages and the links to obesity and diabetes. Scares from possible water contamination also helped bottled water sales.

As for the makers of Coke and Pepsi don’t be to worried as they are also owners of Dasani and Aquafina…two of the largest brands of bottled water. They are in the game.

 

 

Seal Finger?

We all saw that video of the young girl being dragged into the water by a seal. There is more to that story.

The family of the girl is speaking out for the first time. The girl is being treated for a related infection called “seal finger”.

The Vancouver Aquarium reached out to the family to get in touch with them. They had heard that the girl had an injured finger and realized she was in danger of a possible hazardous infection called seal finger.

 

Apparently a bite from a seal or sea lion is different from the bite of a terrestrial animal because it has a host of bacteria uncommon to land animals. Seal finger can be caused by a bacteria called” mycoplasma phocacerebrale which must be treated promptly with tetracycline antibiotics.

Seal finger can make an area swell up and make an area look like it is inflated. It tends to affect the hands because it is there that people who work with seals or sea lions tend to get nipped. you can also get it from cuts when you are working on seal meat. The infection is resistant to some antibiotics and so it is important that the right ones be used.

In the past sealers historically lost their fingers or even their hands to the infection. Today, with the right treatment this is not an issue.

 

Cape Town water shortage…

Here is some water news out of Cape Town , South Africa.

Water usage must come down immediately by 100 million litres per day. Dam storage levels are at 20.7%, with the last 10% not really usable…so really there is only 10.7% left. The city has a consumption target of 600 million litres per day, but is 93 million litres a day over that target.

On Monday the drought stricken Western Cape area was declared a disaster area by the Premier. Everyone is being asked to keep their water usage to 100 litres per day. Cape Town is experiencing the effects of climate change, with reduced rainfall and abnormal water patterns. No significant rainfall is expected in the next three weeks.

Since the implementation of the water restrictions Cape Town’s call centre and first line responders have been inundated with calls about water faults and leaks. 75 new staffers have been brought on to increase response time to the some 800 calls per day.

With the call to restrict water usage some people have already reduced their consumption to less than a third of what it used to be….while others have decided their needs are more important than everyone else’s.

Residents are encouraged to use water solely for cooking , drinking and washing, and only flush the toilet when necessary. Shorter showers are also encouraged. Don’t run the water to brush teeth, shave, and drink. Wait for a full load before doing laundry or the dishes.

Everyone is urged to check for leaks on their property. A leaky toilet wastes 2600 to 13,000 litres per month. A leaky tap between 400 and 2600 litres a month

Every single water user must get down to 100 litres per person per day. This is non negotiable.

So this is the state of affairs in that part of the world when it comes to water. As Ottawa recovers from an overflowing Ottawa River, another part of the world suffers from a drought.

Water in Italy

To help understand the water situation in Italy let’s begin in the Alps. Global warming effects precipitation in the Alps,as well as snow and rain , and the timing of the snow melt. An overall decrease in the snow pack has been observed in the 20th century at low and mid level ranges. Trends are less significant at the higher ranges. The changes affect stream flow in the mountains with a general trend toward an earlier snow melt.

With respect to water access Italians are pretty good with 100% of city dwellers and 97% of rural dwellers having access. 70% of the population has access to sanitation. Water is becoming a social and economic emergency in Apulia, Basilicata, Sicily , and Sardinia due to increasing demand and lack of management. Decreases in precipitation will make things worse , with  possibly a 25% increase in stress on the water supply this century.

The expected impact of climate change in southern Europe will be affecting the quantity, quality, and over all availability. This means more droughts can be expected. Also, it is noted the groundwater resources are dwindling , recharging in not happening to the degree it once did.

Southern Italy is having more trouble meeting demand. with droughts and increase in demand, especially from farms…irrigation becomes even more problematic. Economic damage to agriculture , especially in the Po Valley could become extensive.

So with respect to water stress in the coming years, Italy may face….

  1. an increase of stress on the water supply by 25% this century.
  2. socio-economic emergency in some specific areas.
  3. reduced water supplies affecting drinking water, irrigation in the Po Valley , and less water for power generation.
  4. increased soil dryness and drought.
  5. water quality depletion.
  6. conflicts over the multiple uses of water.
  7. navigation of lakes and rivers becomes more difficult due to lack of water.

Mine tailings impoundment areas.

Dumping mine tailings into lakes and rivers is illegal , unless specifically permitted. The Fisheries Act protects our waters from the release of harmful substances into fish bearing waters and or the alteration of fish habitat….but if the Minister gives permission the fish and their habitat can be destroyed.

In the Fisheries Act there is a regulation call the Metal Mining Effluent Regulation that  allows depositing mine tailings in certain areas under certain circumstances if it protects the environment. These regulations were amended in 2002 to grandfather in 5 mining projects that were using lakes as tailings dumps. This means these natural water bodies are not protected by the Fisheries Act and so a mining company can dump millions of lbs of toxic tailings and waste rock in these Tailing Impoundment Areas.

New mines have seen this loophole and are trying to get pristine lakes near their mines to be a Tailing Impoundment Area. Why build and maintain a tailings pond at the cost of millions of dollars over the life of the mine when you can just dump the waste in a nearby lake?

In 2006 Trout Pond and Duck Pond near Buchans , Newfoundland were approved as Tailings Impoundment Areas. These ponds were formerly home to trout, salmon, and otters. They are now biologically dead zones.

These lakes set the precedent and so international mining companies have been applying to get access to more natural water bodies for their waste.

There is hope. A recent application on Fish Lake,B.C.by Tesako Mines was rejected because if citizen activism. After receiving the application the federal government was flooded by phone calls, emails, and a flood of messages from people across Canada and the application was rejected.

The site near William’s Lake , B.C., is known as Teztan Biny by the local First Nations and is an important traditional site. It is home to its own unique trout species and one of the provinces more productive trout fishing lakes. If the application had gone through this lake would have been killed, destroyed forever. The lake will now be protected.

 

Thanks to the Davi

Nat Geo and Water Aid India Team Up.

Lack of access to good drinking water is the reality for millions of people in India, something that National Geographic and Water Aid India are trying to solve with the launch of Mission Blue. With the help from top Bollywood talent the aim is to raise awareness of water scarcity, and how small acts of conservation on a daily basis can be very helpful to secure safe ,clean water for future generations.

 

Mission Blue will see Nat Geo air documentaries and television specials highlighting the water issues facing India. Several big Bollywood heavy hitters lend themselves to direct short films, available on the Mission Blue website, the show how water scarcity affects the local people’s daily life. Farhan Akhtar, serves as the face of the campaign. National Geographic will also air , Parched, an acclaimed 3 part documentary discussing the environmental and political causes of water problems around the world.

Another innovative way Mission Blue’s website does to engage viewers is to offer them the opportunity to interact with the site to measure their own water usage footprint, and gives different ways to reduce water usage.

In India alone there are 76million people who lack access to clean drinking water. Numbers that will only get worse if no action is taken. Mission blue is hopeful that their initiative will help enlighten people as to the benefits of collective action.

There is also an initiative with Water Aid India for MissionBlueMySchool which provides water to a school in Delhi, which currently relies on tanker trucks to provide the needed water. The initiative with Nat Geo and Water Aid India is to provide piped in water to the 2,500 students ,as well as coolers, filters, and a rainwater harvest system.