Tag Archives: chlorine

“LET’S GET TANKED”, NYC’s WATER TANK PROJECT UPDATE WITH NEW VIDEO

 ~ ENJOY THIS SUPER VIDEO AND MUSIC ~  

Please visit my 3 previous blogs on New York City’s Water Tanks for plenty of background information and lots of photographs:
1) New York City‘s Water System  –  How Bizarre! –  April 3, 2012,  2)  New York City’s Water Tank Construction  –  Apr. 4, 2012 and 3) Word Above the Street’s, “The Water Tank Project – Apr. 5/12

Water Tank Project updates ~  

1)  The project is to last for twelve weeks during Summer 2013, and
2)   That the art work will be created off-site – artists participating in TWTP will donate original works of art, which will then be scanned and printed on vinyl material that will be installed on carefully selected tanks. These artist designed tanks will spark a global dialogue about the future of one of our most precious and endangered resources: WATER.

Video link ~

http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/734752095/the-water-tank-project?play=1&ref=users

Here’s the latest artistic addition to the Manhattan skyline – with thanks to Architizer.com blog, June 5, 2012: http://www.architizer.com/en_us/blog/dyn/42914/reclaiming-the-water-tower-as-public-art/

Photo: Robert Banat

…”The latest in the trend is artist Tom Fruin‘s imaginatively transparent and colorful “Watertower” project, which he recently installed on a DUMBO rooftop. The piece, which opens this Thursday, June 7, maintains the proportions and size of a typical water tank, but has been rendered a glass tapestry of salvaged materials. Visible from Lower Manhattan, the sculpture is a De-Stijlesque jigsaw of upwards 1,000 polychromatic fragments of discarded and recycled Plexiglas Fruin collected from building sites all over the city. During the day, the sun sets the water tower ablaze, while at night, projection designer Jeff Sugg will illuminate the structure with a light show boogie woogie planned to play every nightfall throughout the year”

Mary Jordan
Founder/Creative Director, Word Above the Street

 PLEASE SPREAD THE WORD ~ this is a mammoth and most worthwhile undertaking of Mary Jordan and Word Above the Street to raise global awareness about the future of one of our most precious and endangered resources: WATER.

FRIDAY AQUA ENTERTAINMENT – RainSoft – Eternally Pure Water Systems, Inc

Have I got some really neat water entertainment for you!!!

Synchronised Swimming a la Britain’s Got Talent

Awesome ‘Aqua Divas’

2012 Contestants
Quote from YouTube video info: “Watch synchronised swimmers Aquabatique make waves on Britain’s Got Talent auditions. Will Judges Simon Cowell, Amanda Holden, Alesha Dixon and David Walliams leave them to synch or swim?

Published on May 10, 2012 by Ontv2012

Aquabatique Synchronised swimmers ballet HD Britain’s got talent 2012 Live Semi Finals. Aquabatique perform their underwater dance act outside the studio. They perform their water ballet routine to a medley of James Bond theme tunes.

Britain’s Got Talent 2012 Final – Aquabatique

Have a great weekend everyone.

COMMENTS ON “WAYS TO SAVE WATER”

We highly recommend “WAYS TO SAVE WATER” –  an excellent article written by Sarah F. Berkowitz, as posted on Mother Nature Network, March 02, 2011 (link to article at the end of this blog). 

You will find interesting comments and Sarah’s  list of ten ways to conserve our precious water resources.

According to Sarah, “The easy access and plentiful availability of water in America and other highly developed countries can be blamed for the often wasteful attitude toward water use. For some consumers, it takes a major drought to make them aware of water waste.” and she points out ways  that we all can, by utilizing “small steps” daily,  make a “big difference”, while at the same time feel good about “preserving our limited water supply.”

 Sarah’s article points out ways to save water in your kitchen and laundry room.

In your bathroom she has hints for brushing your teeth and taking showers or baths.   

Tips also on Sarah’s list include a composting hint and a method to conserve  water in your toilet tank each time you flush. 

  Sarah has a hint for recycling your fish tank water and also one for lawn mowing.  

I whole-heartedly agree with Sarah that these steps will help us “contribute to world-wide water conservation efforts”  – and I believe they will save us money as well.

  There are two more great hints on Sarah’s list, and now that I have your interest piqued, you’ll have to check out her article on Mother Nature Network.

http://www.mnn.com/your-home/at-home/stories/ways-to-save-water 

AMERICA’S PROTECTED WATERWAYS

We highly recommend “AMERICA’S WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS” – a National Geographic article, published November, 2011 by Joel K. Bourne, Jr., and the associated Gallery of Photos of the Rivers photographed by Michael Melford (stunning!)

Links to the article, Photo Gallery and Michael Melford’s web site are listed at end of blog.

America‘s Spectacular Wild Rivers

These Scenic Waterways Thrive Under Federal Protection
in the United States


More than four decades after it became law, a little-known federal act safeguards hundreds of primordial waterways.

Photographs by Michael Melford

The Middle Fork of the Salmon River gorge is not so much a river as an exuberant expression of water at play… Today it is one of the ultimate white-water experiences in the United States, drawing thousands of visitors each year.

John Craighead, now 95, is legendary in the field of wildlife biology, … Yet the proudest achievement of John Craighead’s long and storied life, he says, is the passage of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

 … “It took a decade of reports, lectures, and political wrangling, but when President Lyndon Johnson signed the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act in 1968, much of its language came from the Craigheads. The initial act spared eight rivers and narrow buffer zones around them from dams and development. Today the list has grown to more than 200 rivers in 39 states and Puerto Rico.”

Article link –

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/11/americas-wild-rivers/bourne-text

      Photo Gallery link –

http://bit.ly/rL1Ng4

       Michael Melford’s web site –

http://www.michaelmelford.com/

EXAM TIME – DRINK WATER/GET HIGHER GRADES

Students Who Drink Water During Exams Get Higher Grades

Students who drink water during their school exams may improve their grades, according to new research.

Researchers from the University of East London and the University of Westminster theorize that the water boosts academic performance by keeping the students hydrated.

That is the finding of a study conducted by Chris Pawson from the University of East London and his collaborators Sarah Doherty, Laura Martin, Ruth Soares and Caroline Edmonds from the University of East London and Mark Gardner from the University of Westminster. Their findings were presented at this week’s British Psychological Society Annual Conference, held in London.

The researchers analyzed the behavior of 447 undergraduate students, looking at whether they brought drinks into exams. If a student did bring a drink into the exam, the researchers also looked at the type of drink it was.

Students who were in higher levels of the university were much more likely to bring drinks into the exam than those in their first year of undergraduate study, the researchers note.

The results showed that those who took water into the exam — and presumably consumed the water — did better in the exam than those who did not. The researchers did not check to see if the water was actually consumed, however.

“The results imply that the simple act of bringing water into an exam was linked to an improvement in students’ grades,” said Chris Pawson from the University of East London, who led the study. “There are several physiological and psychological reasons that might explain this improvement with water consumption.”

He raises the possibility that water consumption may have a physiological effect on thinking functions that result in improved exam performance. He also theorizes that drinking water may alleviate anxiety, which is known to have a negative effect on exam performance.

“Future research is needed to tease apart these explanations, but whatever the explanation, it is clear that students should endeavour to stay hydrated with water during exams,” he said.

These findings could have implications on school policies for access to drinks during examinations at all levels of education, he added.

They also suggest that information about the importance of keeping hydrated should be targeted at first-year undergraduate students who are less likely to bring drinks into exams.  By Janice Wood Associate News Editor Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on April 21, 2012

 Source: The University of East London

   http://www.uel.ac.uk/news/press-releases/2012/04/waterexams.htm

IVY COLLEGES SHUNNING BOTTLED WATER JAB AT $22 BILLION INDUSTRY

BOTTLED WATER IS COMING UNDER ATTACK ON COLLEGE CAMPUSESTo contact the reporter on this story: Andrew Theen in New York at atheen@bloomberg.net

More than 90 schools, among them Brown University and Harvard University are banning the sale or restricting the use of plastic water bottles, unnerving the $22 billion retail packaged-water industry in the U.S. The University of Vermont is the latest to join the movement, announcing in January it would stop sales early next year.

     A forklift moves bails of plastic bottles at the San Francisco Recycling Center. More than 9 billion gallons of bottled water were sold in the U.S. last year.

The industry is growing 5.4 percent annually. Photographer: Justin Sullivan/Getty

    

Discarded water bottles lay in a trash can in Washington, D.C. Students at Brown, in Providence, Rhode Island, started a campaign to reduce bottled water consumption in 2010 and more than a dozen U.S. schools have campus-wide bans on the sale of plastic water bottles. Photographer: Karen Bleier/AFP/Getty Images

Freshmen at colleges across the country are being greeted with  stainless-steel bottles in their welcome packs and encouraged to use hydration stations where free, filtered water is available. Brown, which used to sell about 320,000 bottles of water a year in vending machines and campus stores, ended sales in dining halls in 2010. Harvard and Dartmouth College are installing hydration stations in new buildings to reduce trash.

“The product just doesn’t make common sense,” Sarah Alexander, 20, an environmental-studies major at Hanover, New Hampshire based Dartmouth, said by e-mail. “Companies are taking something that is freely accessible to everyone on the Dartmouth campus, packaging it in a non-reusable container and then selling it under the pretense that it is somehow better than tap water.”

In response to the growing movement, the water industry released a video on YouTube last month poking fun at “Ban the Bottle,” an organization that advocates banning one-time-use plastic water bottles. The spot, which features “Star Wars”- like music and flashbacks of antiwar demonstrations, says bottled water is a safe, convenient product that is “one of the healthiest drinks on the shelf” and that its packaging is recyclable.

‘Serious Issues’

There “are really serious issues over here, and now you’re dealing with bottled water?” Joe Doss, president of the International Bottled Water Association, based in Alexandria, Virginia, said in a phone interview.

 While “there are anti bottled-water groups   going from campus to campus,” Doss said he doesn’t consider it “a big threat” at this point.

More than 9 billion gallons of bottled water were sold in the U.S. last year, and the industry is growing 5.4 percent a year, according to Gary Hemphill, senior vice president of the Beverage Marketing Corp., a New York consulting firm. Sales to colleges and universities aren’t tracked separately.

The bottling industry may be worried about losing brand loyalty from college kids, said Eric Meliton, an industry analyst with Frost & Sullivan.

“If they lose that access, yeah, you would see a big drop-off on that demographic,” Meliton said in a phone interview. College students are “on the go, they’ve got backpacks and they may not choose to use bottled water.”

Saving Money

Reducing or eliminating plastic bottled water saves students money and has the environmental benefit of reducing the need to truck bottles across the country, Niles Barnes, project coordinator with the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education, said in a phone interview.

“It’s a really tangible, sustainable activity that students can get behind,” Barnes said.

Students at Brown, in Providence, Rhode Island, started a campaign in 2010 to reduce bottled water consumption and the school stopped selling it in dining halls that September. Brown holds about 50,000 bottles in reserve in case of a natural disaster or to distribute at graduation or other events, Chris Powell, director of sustainable energy and environmental initiatives, said in an interview.

“There’s an environmental impact to the waste” of disposable water bottles, Powell said. “We realized there were alternatives that we could put in place that everybody was agreeable to.”

Culture Shift

Dartmouth is trying to “shift the student culture” about purchasing bottled water, said Rosi Kerr, the school’s director of sustainability. Princeton University, in Princeton, New Jersey, promotes a “Drink Local” initiative to reduce plastic bottle waste.

Some departments at Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Harvard have banned the purchase of bottled water for meetings. Cornell University has a reduction campaign, as does Yale University.

 The University of Pennsylvania encourages administrative offices to use   hydration stations rather than bottled water.

Sitting back and “doing nothing” as environmental groups campaigned to ban bottled water wasn’t an option for the water industry, the water association’s Doss said. His niece, a student at The College of Charleston, alerted him to an effort on her campus, and he said there is an “active movement” across the nation.

More than a dozen U.S. schools have campus wide bans on the sale of plastic water bottles, according to Barnes.

Sweetened Beverages

Some colleges with a history of activism have rejected bans on packaged water. The University of California, Berkeley opted against the idea on concern it would drive students toward sweetened beverages, said Trish Ratto, a university health services official. So did Columbia University, after students said they’d buy it elsewhere, according to Nilda Mesa, assistant vice president of environmental stewardship at the New York based college.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-03-07/ivy-colleges-shunning-bottled-water-jab-at-22-billion-industry.html

Brown philosophy major Terrence George, 21, calls the university’s policy an “unwarranted assault” on bottled water.

“The bottled water ban is downright absurd,” he said. “I’m buying apple juice and tea every night instead of water. Last time I went to the dentist, I have a few more cavities than usual.”

Here are a few links both for and againstBottled Water Bans: (Some views also express the other side of the coin)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iy5p7at7vf0

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZGDueSjf8o

http://www.banthebottle.net/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfgaIJ_LQzY

PROFITS POUR IN FROM RAIN BARRELS

Excerpt from EMC Ottawa Newspaper, Mar. 2012

The United Nations designated the first World Water Day on March 22, 1993, to highlight the importance of freshwater and to advocate for sustainable management.

More than 80 non-profit groups throughout Ontario officially launched rain barrel sales in their communities on World Water Day, Thursday, March 22 … Rain barrels will be sold for $55 each and all funds will to wards the two local projects.

Rain barrels capture and store rain water collected from roofs through downspouts. They provide chlorine-free and fluoride-free water, which is ideal for flowers, vegetables, lawns, shrubs and trees.

Interesting that they mention the chemical free water is good for plants—Good for People too!!!

Rain barrels divert clean water from sewer systems and can provide cost savings for homeowners who currently pay to have water trucked in or who have a water meter installed.

Each rain barrel is equipped with a mosquito and leaf debris filter basket, an overflow hose, an outlet to join rain barrels together and a spigot at the bottom, which can be connected to a standard garden hose.

These environmentally friendly products were once used to import fruits and vegetables and have been refurbished and repurposed to offer years of reliable service as rain barrels.

They are available in three colours including grey, terracotta and black. All orders must be placed online in advance at http://www.RainBarrel.ca/gssandouc/ or by calling Margaret at 613-824-3599.

The 4th Orleans Fallingbrook Scout Group will also host a rain barrel sale on Saturday April 21 at Fallingbrook Elementary School, 679 Deanscourt Crescent, Orleans, from 10:30 to 1:30 p.m. Orders are now being taken for an April 21st pickup date. All orders must be placed online in advance at http://www.RainBarrel.ca/4thOrleans or by calling 613-212-5212.

Related link –  

http://rainbarrel.ca/

There is still time to book your fundraising rainbarrel.ca sale for this spring!  Non-profit groups, schools and organizations: We are booking now for May and June 2012 sales!

PART 2 – NEW YORK CITY’S WATER TANK CONSTRUCTION

 NEW YORK CITY’S WATER TANK CONSTRUCTION 

Video on the creative craftsmanship of New York’s rooftop water tanks:

As you will see in the videos, two companies in New York build water towers, both of which are family businesses in operation since the 1800s. Even though there are steel constructed tanks, wooden ones are preferred because they can be easily assembled and transported to rooftops in parts and cost less.

“Rosenwach Wood Water Tanks Help Shape The City Skyline”

“They’re a signature part of the city skyline, and even in the 21st century, wood water tanks still have a unique and necessary job here, providing water to millions of homes.” – NY1’s Jeanine Ramirez

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dtrx5oBskAY&feature=related

The New York Times staff photographer Richard Perry took some great photos of Rosenwach putting up water tanks, which was part of his project photographing different products and companies still manufacturing in NYC.

  You can also watch a rooftop water getting a facelift:

Water tanks / water towers are a rooftop fixture of the New York City skyline and are the subject of fascination for many. But sometimes they need a facelift to repair the damage of the elements. This video shows one of these Manhattan fixtures getting a tune-up. Filmed in the late fall of 2011, it’s sped up 2.5X.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=fQl0xKHiI9Q

Time lapse of a water tank being built at 266 Riverside Drive, NYC. Shot & Edited by Ben Bryant benbryant.com

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OpyVXSPvy5Q&feature=related

Safety falls a little lower on the priority scale when Discovery channel’s, Mike Rowe, assists a team of carpenters on top of a New York skyscraper.

In a thoughtful look back at his most challenging and hazardous apprenticeships, Mike makes a practical case for safety and reaffirms the critical role of individual responsibility in a dangerous world.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=H0u56J3EFks&feature=endscreen

  See you back here tomorrow for Part 3:      

Word Above The Street organization’s

                               “The Water Project”, Spring 2013      



THE DANGERS OF CHLORINE IN YOUR TAP WATER – PART 2 OF 2

TAKING LONG HOT SHOWERS IS A HEALTH RISK – FACT, NOT FICTION

Recently at Rainsoft Ottawa we became aware that more parents are concerned about their children’s allergies to chlorine in our drinking water.  We encourage you to read as much as you can on the dangers of chlorine in tap water (dangers in drinking the water and also bathing/showering in chlorinated water) so that you can make an informed decision about systems that will remove the chlorine from your water. 

http://bit.ly/IRRSdQ

http://wp.me/p15pTC-b7

Showering is suspected as the primary cause of elevated levels of chloroform in nearly every home because of the chlorine in the water.” Evironmental Protection Agency – Dr. Lance Wallace

“Taking long hot showers is a health risk, according to research presented last week in Anaheim, California, at a meeting of the American Chemical Society.  Showers – and to a lesser extent baths – lead to a greater exposure to toxic chemicals contained in water supplies than does drinking the water. The chemicals evaporate out of the water and are inhaled. They can also spread through the house and be inhaled by others. House holders can receive 6 to 100 times more of the chemical by breathing the air around showers and bath than they would by drinking the water.”

NEW SCIENTIST, 18 September 1996 – Ian Anderson

“Studies indicate the suspect chemicals can also be inhaled and absorbed through the skin during showering and bathing.”

“Ironically, even the Chlorine widely used to disinfect water produces Carcinogenic traces.”

“Though 7 out of 10 Americans drink chlorinated water, its safety over the long term is uncertain.”

“Drinking chlorinated water may as much as double the risk of the bladder cancer, which strikes 40,000 people a year.” – U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT – July 29, 1991 -Is Your Water Safe – The Dangerous State of Your Water

“A long, hot shower can be dangerous. The toxic chemicals are inhaled in high concentrations.”

BOTTOM LINE – August 1987 – Dr. John Andelman, Ph.D.

“Scientists found there was a higher incidence of cancer of the esophagus, rectum, breast, and larynx and of Hodgkins Disease among those drinking chlorinated surface waters.”

“Volatile organics can evaporate from water in a shower or bath.”

“Conservative calculations indicate that inhalation exposures can be as significant as exposure from drinking the water, that is, one can be exposed to just as much by inhalation during a shower as by drinking 2 liters of water a day.”

“People who shower frequently could be exposed through ingestion, inhalation and/or dermal absorption.”

A surprising but growing concern is the effect that chlorine and other chemicals have on serotonin levels. Recent research demonstrates that recalcitrant organochlorines may play a role in the etiology of chronic fatigue syndrome. The chlorine emitted from showering and other household water use breaks down into free radicals that can lead to cancer and cardiovascular disease. Chlorinated water also contains hypochlorite, which increases levels of singlet oxygen in the body. Clearly it is vital to good health to filter as much chlorine from your home water system as possible.

Chlorine is one of the most reactive elements found in nature.  It readily dissolves in water, where it combines with molecules of oxygen and hydrogen to form hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite ion.  Chlorination of water is achieved by adding chlorine gas directly to the water supply, or by adding the chemicals calcium hypochlorite or sodium chlorite, both of which are known as “free available chlorine”.

Water utilities routinely disinfect drinking water to prevent microbial diseases, especially cholera, dysentery, and typhoid fever.  Top date, the greatest contribution to the protection of public health in the United States has been the disinfection of public water supplies, yet chlorine itself has been shown to cause a number of health problems. 

Two decades after the start of chlorinating our drinking water, the present epidemic of heart trouble and cancer began.

Removal of Chlorine from Showers

In confined spaces, such as a shower or bathroom, we can sometimes smell chlorine. Frequent exposure to chlorine gas even at the low levels found during normal activities such as showering may reduce the oxygen transfer capacity of the lungs.

When we shower, we also expose our skin to a large amount of diluted chlorine. It’s likely, given the strong oxidizing power of chlorine, that regular exposure to chlorinated water will hasten the skin’s aging process. Fortunately, over the last ten years, water filters have become more sophisticated and it is now possible to remove chlorine from your home shower.

Rainsoft of Ottawa can certainly dispel your fears about the dangerous effects of chlorine.  Our two systems that remove chlorine in your drinking water or in your bath, shower and laundry water are a Reverse Osmosis System and the Whole House Carbon Filtration System. Contact us for information, a free water analysis test and chlorine removal systems: Ottawa, 613-742-0058 for an appointment.

DANGERS OF CHLORINE IN OUR TAP WATER – PART 1 OF 2

DRINKING CHLORINATED WATER IS A HEALTH HAZZARD –  FACT! NOT FICTION!

Recently at Rainsoft Ottawa we became aware that more parents are concerned about their children’s allergies to chlorine in our drinking water. We encourage you to read as much as you can on the dangers of chlorine in tap water (dangers in drinking the water and also bathing/showering in chlorinated water) so that you can make an informed decision about systems that will remove the chlorine from your water.

http://www.google.ca/#hl=en&cp=45&gs_id=57&xhr=t&q=concerns+about+chlorine+in+our+drinking+water&pf=p&sclient=psy-ab&rlz=1W1ADRA_enCA414&source=hp&pbx=1&oq=concerns+about+chlorine+in+our+drinking+water&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&gs_sm=&gs_upl=&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&fp=9dc824e4dd2e51d3&biw=1067&bih=429

How Dangerous is Chlorine in our Tap Water?
Tap water is one of the four most pressing health threats posed by environmental problems. Each year the correlations between contaminated drinking water and cancer, learning disabilities, and asthma are becoming stronger and clearer. Even if tap water has gone through municipal treatment before reaching your home faucet, it is often far from safe. In many cases, municipal water treatment facilities actually add dangerous chemicals to water in the process of treatment.
Dangerous chemicals and other contaminants are constantly present in our tap water.
Many people may say that attacks on the quality of tap water are simply scare tactics designed to increase profit for bottled water and water treatment companies. Yet, large increases in cancers and other diseases related to poor drinking water quality point unabashedly to a large problem in the current quality of our tap water. What follows is a brief listing of contaminants that could very likely be in your tap water as well as a discussion of how these contaminants may affect your health.

Chlorine: Chlorine is perhaps one of the most dangerous and insidious poisons in our drinking water supply. Surprisingly, it is a municipal additive to drinking water. Water treatment facilities use chlorine as a powerful disinfectant to kill or inactivate biological water contaminants, but that same chlorine that is so toxic to biological contaminants is also poisonous to our bodies. Chlorine in drinking water is currently a leading cause of bladder and rectal cancer and asthma. Health officials are now linking chlorine ingestion to breast cancer, as well.
Clearly, tap water is unsafe and unsuitable for drinking, and bottled water is not the panacea we would like it to be. In many cases, bottled water is nothing more than reconstituted, rebottled tap water
Water filters, with their use of both chemical and physical processes to block contaminant passage, are the only type of water treatment that can effectively and efficiently remove chlorine and reduce other dangerous contaminants from drinking water. The dangerous nature of tap water clearly warrants the use of a drinking water filter…

If it cleanses your water, then what is the problem?

Health officials are concerned with the chlorinating by-products, also known as “chlorinated hydrocarbons” or trihalomethanes (THM‘s). Most THM’s are formed in drinking water when chlorine reacts with naturally occurring substances such as decomposing plant and animal materials. Risk for certain types of cancer are now being correlated to the consumption of chlorinated drinking water. The President’s Council on Environmental Quality states that “there is increased evidence for an association between rectal, colon and bladder cancer and the consumption of chlorinated drinking water.” Suspected carcinogens make the human body more vulnerable through repeated ingestion and research indicates the incidence of cancer is 44% higher among those using chlorinated water.

Even though the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) adopted new regulations in 1980 for cities to lower the chlorination by-products in water to level not exceeding 100 parts per billion, experts believe that it still doesn’t provide proper safeguards and should be strengthened. Unfortunately, there is a little likelihood that the use of chlorine will be discontinued since it is currently the most economically acceptable chemical for bacterial control at this time. It is ironic that the process of chlorination, by which we cleanse our water of infectious organisms, can create cancer-causing substances from otherwise innocent chemicals in water. Expert voices from now and earlier:

“Chlorine is the greatest crippler and killer of modern times. While it prevented epidemics of one disease, it was creating another. Two decades ago, after the start of chlorinating our drinking water in 1904, the epidemic of heart trouble, cancer and senility began.”
SAGINAW HOSPITAL
J.M. Price, MD

IS YOUR WATER SAFE TO DRINK? – Consumer Reports Books

Chlorinated Drinking Water Linked to Cancer
November 21, 1999 The Toronto Star
Task force to conduct tests in hundreds of communities
Ottawa (CP) – A new federal analysis concludes that chlorinated drinking water may pose a cancer risk to humans, particularly the risk of bladder cancer.

The report by the Laboratory Center for Disease Control, made public yesterday, is based on an exhaustive review of dozens of studies carried out over recent years in Canada and abroad.
The review has already spurred the Federal-Provincial Drinking Water Committee to re-examine existing standards for levels of chlorine by-products (CBPs).

Despite the undisputed benefit of chlorination in controlling infectious diseases, the epidemiological studies indicate an elevated incidence of bladder cancer among those who have been exposed to chlorinated drinking water for long periods.

“If you put those two lines of evidence together I would say it comes out as a probable link (between chlorinated water and cancer),” said health department expert Donald Wigle, who wrote the review.
He said a task force would test drinking water in hundreds of communities across Canada to determine precisely the current concentrations of chlorination by-products. The task force will also survey equipment and practices at water purification plants across the country to determine how costly it would be to lower the current limit on the chemicals. One of the most effective ways to reduce concentrations of the chemicals is to use filtration. But many communities, especially smaller ones, don’t have up-to-date filtration systems.

Wigle said a new standard, if one is deemed necessary, probably won’t be proclaimed until late next year. He said consumers could protect themselves from the risk by using household water filters or drinking bottled water.

Chlorine’s Health Effects
In addition to diet and exercise, maintaining optimum health involves controlling toxic pollutants commonly found indoors. Many people who suffer from allergies find their complaints aggravated by substances that have become part of everyday life. Whether we like it or not, most of us spend 70 to 90% of our time indoors, bombarding our immune systems with chemicals and irritants from carpeting, cleaning products, tobacco smoke, pesticides, dust, plastics, fiberglass, asbestos, automobile exhaust, and even the chlorine that is routinely added to municipal water supplies…

While chlorine occurs in nature, chiefly as a component of sodium chloride in sea water and salt deposits, it irritates the eyes and throat, and it is poisonous when swallowed or inhaled. In 1992, the American Medical Association published information that stated “nearly 28% of all cancer of the intestines and 18% of all cancer of the bladder were caused by the drinking of chlorinated water.” Chlorine may also be a culprit in cancer, although studies undertaken to determine if this is the case remain incomplete.

Potential Contribution to Heart Disease
The patent for chlorination was granted in 1888 to Dr. Albert R. Leeds, Professor of Chemistry at Steven’s Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey. The next year, the first chlorination of a public water supply was attempted in Adrian, Michigan. It wasn’t until 1908, however, that chlorination was used on a large scale, at Boonton Reservoir waterworks in Jersey City, New Jersey. By the 1940s, chlorination was widespread in the United States.

Concerns about chlorine and health began in the 1960s. In one study, an association was shown to exist between chlorination and heart disease, evidence that was, interestingly, discovered in Jersey City, the site of the first large-scale chlorination project. The severity of heart disease among people over the age of 50 correlated with the amount of chlorinated tap water they consumed. A statistically significant correlation demonstrated that those persons over 50 who did not suffer from heart disease drank mostly unchlorinated fluids such as bottled water, or boiled water (chlorine is released as a gas when boiled).

Dr. Joseph Price, author of Coronaries, Cholesterol, Chlorine, has stated that he believes chlorine is the cause of “an unprecedented disease epidemic which includes heart attacks and strokes … Most medical researchers were led to believe it was safe, but now we are learning the hard way that all the time we thought we were preventing epidemics of one disease, we were creating another. Two decades after the start of chlorinating our drinking water in 1940, the present epidemic of heart trouble and cancer began.”

Although numerous studies have been conducted in the attempt to discover how chlorine may be a factor in cancer, no research has determined specifically that chlorine is a responsible agent. (See, for example, T. Pate, R. H. Harris, S. S. Epstein, “Drinking Water and Cancer Mortality in Louisiana,” Science Vol. 193, 1976, 55-57). But the relationship between heart disease and chlorinated water is well established – alas, even chickens and pigeons used in tests to determine the effects of chlorine showed evidence of either atherosclerosis of the aorta or obstruction of the circulatory system.

Rainsoft of Ottawa can certainly dispel your fears about the dangerous effects of chlorine. Our two systems that remove chlorine in your drinking water or in your bath, shower and laundry water are a Reverse Osmosis System and the Whole House Carbon Filtration System.
Contact us for information, a free water analysis test and chlorine removal systems.
Ottawa, 613-742- 0058 for an appointment.

  PART 2: “TAKING LONG HOT SHOWERS IS A HEALTH RISK – FACT, NOT FICTION” IS OUR NEXT BLOG