Tag Archives: Cumberland

Water in Italy

To help understand the water situation in Italy let’s begin in the Alps. Global warming effects precipitation in the Alps,as well as snow and rain , and the timing of the snow melt. An overall decrease in the snow pack has been observed in the 20th century at low and mid level ranges. Trends are less significant at the higher ranges. The changes affect stream flow in the mountains with a general trend toward an earlier snow melt.

With respect to water access Italians are pretty good with 100% of city dwellers and 97% of rural dwellers having access. 70% of the population has access to sanitation. Water is becoming a social and economic emergency in Apulia, Basilicata, Sicily , and Sardinia due to increasing demand and lack of management. Decreases in precipitation will make things worse , with  possibly a 25% increase in stress on the water supply this century.

The expected impact of climate change in southern Europe will be affecting the quantity, quality, and over all availability. This means more droughts can be expected. Also, it is noted the groundwater resources are dwindling , recharging in not happening to the degree it once did.

Southern Italy is having more trouble meeting demand. with droughts and increase in demand, especially from farms…irrigation becomes even more problematic. Economic damage to agriculture , especially in the Po Valley could become extensive.

So with respect to water stress in the coming years, Italy may face….

  1. an increase of stress on the water supply by 25% this century.
  2. socio-economic emergency in some specific areas.
  3. reduced water supplies affecting drinking water, irrigation in the Po Valley , and less water for power generation.
  4. increased soil dryness and drought.
  5. water quality depletion.
  6. conflicts over the multiple uses of water.
  7. navigation of lakes and rivers becomes more difficult due to lack of water.

Nat Geo and Water Aid India Team Up.

Lack of access to good drinking water is the reality for millions of people in India, something that National Geographic and Water Aid India are trying to solve with the launch of Mission Blue. With the help from top Bollywood talent the aim is to raise awareness of water scarcity, and how small acts of conservation on a daily basis can be very helpful to secure safe ,clean water for future generations.

 

Mission Blue will see Nat Geo air documentaries and television specials highlighting the water issues facing India. Several big Bollywood heavy hitters lend themselves to direct short films, available on the Mission Blue website, the show how water scarcity affects the local people’s daily life. Farhan Akhtar, serves as the face of the campaign. National Geographic will also air , Parched, an acclaimed 3 part documentary discussing the environmental and political causes of water problems around the world.

Another innovative way Mission Blue’s website does to engage viewers is to offer them the opportunity to interact with the site to measure their own water usage footprint, and gives different ways to reduce water usage.

In India alone there are 76million people who lack access to clean drinking water. Numbers that will only get worse if no action is taken. Mission blue is hopeful that their initiative will help enlighten people as to the benefits of collective action.

There is also an initiative with Water Aid India for MissionBlueMySchool which provides water to a school in Delhi, which currently relies on tanker trucks to provide the needed water. The initiative with Nat Geo and Water Aid India is to provide piped in water to the 2,500 students ,as well as coolers, filters, and a rainwater harvest system.

 

Flooding in Ottawa

Water is never an issue, until it becomes an issue…then it can become a big issue rather quickly.

Provincial officials will be in Ottawa on Tuesday to help those whose homes have been flooded apply for disaster relief funding. Mayor Jim Watson stated on Monday that the city of Ottawa will not be declaring a state of emergency and won’t be calling in the military.

As of Monday morning 310 homes in Ottawa have been directly affected by flooding. 75 families have been evacuated.  Mayor Watson did thank all the first responders and volunteers who have been a great help to those affected.

I live in Cumberland Village and have seen the effects of the flooding first hand. Interestingly, the flooding seems to have brought out flood tourists. Quite a few people just walking around taking photos.

3 information sessions have been scheduled for Tuesday. Go to Ottawa.ca to find the time and location for the one near you. There is a maximum payment of $250,000 per application. Residents are asked not to get rid of ruined furniture or appliances , until photos are taken and documentation developed on the items. Also, keep receipts of expenses incurred due to the flooding.

The Unflushables

Vancouver is rolling out a new campaign that is aimed at educating residents to stop flushing certain items down the drain…the Unflushables, that clog regional and municipal sewer systems. Sounds like a program that could be applied nationally as the estimated cost of dealing with this across Canada is some $250million.

The 2017 Unflushable Campaign will focus on the worst offenders of clogged drains, wipes, paper towels, dental floss, hair , tampons , applicators, condoms, as well as medications. the Metro Vancouver Utilities Chair Darrell  Mussatto says we wouldn’t believe what people try to flush , but it is the everyday items that cause the most grief. To clear out and clean up the clogs costs Vancouver hundreds of thousands of dollars, but also equipment repair, sewage overflows, and environmental impact.

Medications are included as a Unflushable not because it can clog up the systems , but the medications are difficult to remove from the water and can be flushed out into the environment. Unused or expired meds should be taken to a local pharmacy for disposal.

There is no regulatory standard for what is and is not flushable, but with hundreds of millions of dollars spent each year to correct the effects of the unflushables maybe this should get a look at.

For more on the Unflushables Campaign and the correct way to dispose of the targeted items go to unflushables.ca.

 

 

Harvesting Rainwater..

A mountain, a river , a reservoir, a field, a street, a roof, a gutter all have something in common….they receive rain and can all be considered rain catchers. Rain is free and catching it can have important implications for food and energy production, environmental uses, water supply , and waste water management. Harvesting rain water is usually thought of as water for irrigation, and not so much as a waste water control strategy. This may change where flooding and combined sewer overflows are a problem.

The harvesting of rainwater has been around for at least 2,000 years, to supply both agricultural and domestic needs , in Syria and present day Israel.

Stress on our present water systems comes from the increase in demand due to population increases. climate change, reduced water sources, competing demands from agriculture , energy, and industry. Water and development experts are being forced to come up with new ways to source this valuable resource. 

Consider in cities where surface run off and sewage water end up in the same place. Rainfall does not require treatment like sewage , but does put a burden on waste water treatment plants. Problems can arise when during periods of high rainfall waterways become contaminated by sewage/ rainwater overflows. Perhaps the harvesting of rainfall on a large scale can help alleviate this problem by reducing the amount of runoff going to the treatment plants.

Due to local variations in terms of rainfall amounts, demand, catchment area, price, and regulations we recognize rainwater harvesting won’t work everywhere.  The Columbia Water Center has developed a tool to help determine the viability of rainwater harvesting. With the help of this tool it has been determined that harvesting of rainwater makes more sense in the Central and Eastern parts of the U.S. This information is useful at the local level to help officials decide if rainwater harvesting should be promoted and study the impact on run off.

 

In closing harvesting rainwater has been around for a long time. Israel even has this idea incorporated into their overall master plan. Harvesting rainwater is an emerging option that may have greater implications for us moving forward.

Water: A Family Affair

Hygiene, sanitation, and water conditions have improved for many of us on planet Earth. However in 2017, 663 million of us have unsafe drinking water.

Let us consider these stories from around the globe with the daily struggle for water and compare them to your own experience.

In Niger , Foure Moussa collects 80 litres of water daily for her families use from a bore hole 2 kilometres away. To avoid the line ups she goes at night.

In Bolivia, Rene Visalla use 140 litres of water a day. They now have running water and a toilet. This has brought the family a measure of safety as they don’t go out at night to relieve themselves and are exposed to snakes in the bushes.

 

In Malawi, Rhoda January and her family retrieve 100 litres a day from a borehole. Before this they got their water from shallow wells that had to be treated with chemicals…chemicals they were generally to poor to be able to afford.

In Jordan, Abu Ibrahim and his family use 8,000 litres a day…200 hundred for human consumption and 7,800 for their herd of sheep. They have a nomadic life following the availability of food and water for the herd.

In Niger,  Hamadou Hama and his family have three choices to get their daily water requirement of 100 litres. They can get water from unsanitary pools of rainwater when available, or pay for water from a nearby tap( not available year round), or get it from a distant borehole.

In Myanmar, Nyo Oo and her family get their 100 litres a day mainly from a local borehole. In the rainy season they save money by collecting water from local ponds..but risk contamination.

In New York City , U.S.A. Ashely Gilbertson gets his families 1,000 litres a day from a tap in their home. Water supplied by the local utility.

From reading these stories we can see that in developing countries 100 litres a day will probably take care of the family…where as in our North American example 10x the amount is used. Of course it is just not the amount of water used but what is required to get it and the quality.

Consider these examples to your own daily experience.

 

Thanks to Huff Post,UNICEF Canada, and Ashley Gilbertson

Trouble in Paradise

When we want water, we just turn on the tap…and presto we have potable water. In this article I would like to look the Caribbean as the countries in that area have been implementing various water conservation tactics to deal with a prolonged drought.

From Trinidad and Tobago in the south to Jamaica in the north governments and utility companies have had to put into effect measures like a ban on watering lawns or washing vehicles to deal with the low water levels in reservoirs due to lack of rain.

Water police officers have been deployed in Trinidad to ensure compliance. Meanwhile, in Jamaica water rationing has become an everyday event. Antigua is the latest country to come on-line with water rationing until there is an increase in rainfall. Antigua and Barbuda’s Meteorological Service has stated that the below average rainfall last August is the main reason for the current drought which is described as moderate. Blame goes to El Nino.

Guyana is another country experiencing drought like conditions, and again the blame goes to El Nino. Irrigation water is being significantly threatened in certain areas. The capital , Georgetown,  get some 50% of it’s potable water from surface supplies and this is threatened.  Authorities state that water is going to have to voluntarily be reduced in certain areas, and involuntary in others. The Ministry of Agriculture is concerned about water for the crops and they will be aggressive in ensuring farmers have the water they need to feed the nation.