Tag Archives: Kanata

World Water Week 2015 Stockholm Water Prize Winner

SIWI

The water man of India wins 2015 Stockholm Water Prize

SWP Banners with image

Click here for short video of interview -
http://siwi-mediahub.creo.tv/i/041xn2jzNd63dMxf-Ggs7Q
    

STOCKHOLMStockholm, Sweden (20 March 2015) – Rajendra Singh of India is named the 2015 Stockholm Water Prize Laureate, for his innovative water restoration efforts, improving water security in rural India, and for showing extraordinary courage and determination in his quest to improve the living conditions for those most in need.

1-WORLD WATER WEEK 2015

Mr Singh, born 1959, lives and works in the arid Indian state of Rajasthan, where he for several decades dedicated himself to defeating drought and empowering communities. The results of his tireless work are without equal: in close cooperation with local residents, he and his organization have revived several rivers, brought water, and life, back to a thousand villages and given hope to countless people.


VILLAGE

On receiving news about the prize, Mr Singh said “this is very encouraging, energizing and inspiring news. Through the Indian wisdom of rainwater harvesting, we have made helpless, abandoned, destitute and impoverished villages prosperous and healthy again.

SWP Banners resized newsIn its citation, The Stockholm Water Prize Committee says that “today’s water problems cannot be solved by science or technology alone. They are instead human problems of governance, policy, leadership, and social resilience. Rajendra Singh’s life work has been in building social capacity to solve local water problems through participatory action, empowerment of women, linking indigenous know-how with modern scientific and technical approaches and upending traditional patterns of development, resource use, and social norms.”

“In a world where demand for freshwater is booming, where we will face a severe water crisis within decades if we do not learn how to better take care of our water, Mr Singh is a beacon of hope,” says Torgny Holmgren, SIWI’s Executive Director. “He has literally brought villages back to life. We need to take Mr Singh’s lessons and actions to heart if we are to achieve sustainable water use in our lifetime.”

Rajendra Singh’s work reveals a true humanitarian and firm believerImage result for ayurvedic medicine symbol in empowerment. After studying Ayurvedic medicine and surgery, he
went into the countryside in the largely impoverished state of Rajasthan in the mid-1980’s with the aim to set up health clinics. Instead, he was told by villagers that the greatest need was not health care, but water. As wells dried up, crops wilted, and rivers and forests disappeared, many able-bodied villagers left in search for work in the cities. Women, children and the elderly were left behind, without hope, as their villages were being overrun by sand and dust.

Rajendra Singh did not insist with the clinics. Instead, and with the help of the villagers, he set out to build johads, or traditional earthen dams. Two decades after Rajendra Singh arrived in Rajasthan, 8,600 johads and other structures to collect water had been built. Water had been brought back to a 1,000 villages across the state. Mr Singh, his co-workers in Tarun Bharat Sangh (India Youth Association) had gotten water to flow again in several rivers of Rajasthan. The forest cover has increased, and antelope and leopard started returning.

The methods used by Mr Singh are modernization of traditional Indian ways of collecting and storing rainwater, dating back thousands of years. The methods fell out of use during British colonial rule, but have now brought water back to the driest state in one of the world’s most populous nations, thanks to the “Water man of India” and his colleagues.

“When we started our work, we were only looking at the drinking water crisis and how to solve that. Today our aim is higher. This is the 21st century. This is the century of exploitation, pollution and encroachment. To stop all this, to convert the war on water into peace, that is my life’s goal”, says Mr Singh.

Climate change is changing weather patterns around the world, leading to more frequent and intense droughts and floods. Learning how to harvest rainwater, cutting the peaks of water to fill the troughs, will be a key skill in most parts of the world. Some of the world’s finest scientists are currently focusing their attention on the management of rain and how to best develop the knowledge.


“We need to learn more about managing and harvesting rain in order to reduce our exposure to droughts as well as floods”, says SIWI’s Torgny Holmgren.

“Due to the harvesting of rain and recharging groundwater, there is no scope for drought or floods in our area. This work of ours is a way to solve both floods and droughts globally. Therefore we believe the impact of this work is on the local level, national level, the international level and above all at the village level,” says Rajendra Singh.

KING CARLH.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Patron of the Stockholm Water Prize, will present the prize to Rajendra Singh at a Royal Award Ceremony during 2015 World Water Week in Stockholm on 26 August.

About Stockholm Water Prize
The Stockholm Water Prize is a global award founded in 1991 and presented annually by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) to an individual, organisation or institution for outstanding water-related achievements. The Stockholm Water Prize Laureate receives USD 150,000 and a specially designed sculpture. H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is patron of the prize.

Initially founded by the Stockholm Water Foundation to encourage research and development of the world’s water environment, the Image result for royal swedish academy of sciencesStockholm Water Prize is additionally supported by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, International Water Image result for international water association logoAssociation, Water Environment Federation and the City of Stockholm. The Founders of the Stockholm Water Prize are companies united in their strong conviction to drive sustainability in the water sector. They are: Bacardi, Borealis & Borouge, DuPont, Europeiska ERV, Fujitsu, HP, Kemira, KPMG Sweden, Ragn-Sells, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS), SJ (Swedish Railways), Snecma/Safran, Xylem and Ålandsbanken.


Image result for Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI)Stockholm International Water Institute is a policy institute that generates knowledge and informs decision-makers towards water wise policy and sustainable development. SIWI performs research, builds institutional capacity and provides advisory services in five thematic areas: water governance, transboundary water management, water and climate change, the water-energy-food nexus, and water economics. SIWI organizes the World Water Week in Stockholm – the leading annual global meeting place on water and development issues – and hosts the Stockholm Water Prize, the Stockholm Junior Water Prize and the Stockholm Industry Water Award.

http://www.siwi.org/prizes/stockholmwaterprize/laureates/2015-2/

Adorable Movie Star! ~ Sea Otter 501

1-OTTER 501Saving Otter 501 aired Wednesday, October 16, 2012 .  A baby sea otter abandoned on the beach was brought in to the Monterey Bay Aquarium. This is the aquarium’s 501st attempt to save an orphan otter. Against all odds, will she be able to return to her home in the wild?

Meet Otter 501 | Saving Otter 501 | PBS, published on Oct 14, 2013 - This little sea creature is the star of the documentary film Otter 501, which tells the story of a sea otter who was rescued after she lost her mom as a young pup in Monterey Bay. As she is being dried off, she gets a bit sneezy! There must be something in the air.
href=”//www.youtube.com/watch?v=ddm5bbeqHVA&w=560&h=315]”>

Baby otter squeaks when introduced to water

Sea Otter Orphan Gets Adopted | Nature | PBS – published on Oct 11, 2013 – Can an orphan sea otter pup be accepted by a surrogate mother to learn how to survive and thrive back in the wild?
href=”//www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdy7DEhvsVU&w=560&h=315]”>

After about 3 months, Otter 501 begins to master otter lessons, but there are plenty of other challenges to face in the wild. 

Toola Feeds 501 – Toola shows lil’ 501 how to use tools to open shells containing delicious food, a crucial skill for sea otter survival in the wild

Otter 501 Tries Solid Food – About this video: Are we wrong to think that she’s not impressed? After being bottle fed, Otter 501 was offered solid food in the form of shellfish. Monterey Bay Aquarium caretakers beat shells together to mimic the sound a mother otter makes when she breaks open prey.

Otter 501 Eats Crab on Her Own – After months of help from caretakers and her surrogate mother, Otter 501 has finally developed the skills to eat a live crab all on her own! This is a critical step – once she’s returned to the wild she’ll have to find and consume foods like this all on her own.
 

Otter 501’s Release Back to the Wild – published on Jun 22, 2012 - About this video: June 22, 2012: Otter 501, the star of our feature-length film of the same name, has been living back in the wild for a full year. Her release was the end of an amazing story, but the beginning of her second chance.

WATER DROPLET HAPPY ICON GIMPCROPPEDUnfortunately the full length video, “Saving Otter 501″ is no longer available, however you can purchase the video at:

http://www.shoppbs.org/product/index.jsp?productId=24534426&utm_source=PBS&utm_medium=Link&utm_content=naat_savingotter501_covebuyit&utm_campaign=cove_buyit

Film Description: A storm grows, a sea otter pup is separated from her mother, and a young woman bound for adventure blows in to town. On a windswept beach these lives collide and an entire species’ survival gets personal. Katie and our playful pup, otter number 501, learn to navigate the opportunities and risks of life without anchor while we see the incredible efforts people have undertaken to return sea otters from the brink of extinction. Framed against the strikingly beautiful Monterey Bay coastline we discover just how serious this threat remains. Their adventure, unexpected as it was, illustrates what we can do to protect the southern sea otter…and ourselves.

BASIC FACTS ABOUT SEA OTTERS

http://www.defenders.org/sea-otter/basic-facts

WATER DROPLET HAPPY ICON GIMPCROPPEDI’ve enjoyed these mini videos so much that I will purchase the full length video to enjoy with my grandchildren.

Happy 1st Day of Spring! 

Have a great weekend everyone.

California Epic Drought ~ Remarkable Solution

Image result for Epic Drought Spurs California to Build  Largest Desalination PlantEpic Drought Spurs California to Build Largest
Desalination Plant in Western Hemisphere” by Cole Mellino, appeared on EcoWatch Transforming Green March 10, 2015 

Image result for The U.S. Drought Monitor shows nearly 40 percent of the state of California remains in exceptional drought“The U.S. Drought Monitor shows nearly 40 percent of the state of California remains in exceptional drought, the highest level of drought and many communities are working to come up with long-term solutions as reservoirs and rivers continue to diminish,” says Jeremy Hobson of NPR’s Here and Now.

CARLSBAD

UCOn the show yesterday, Hobson discussed desalination as a solution to the drought with David Jassby, assistant professor of chemical and environmental engineering at the University of California, Riverside and Sandy Kerl of the San Diego County Water Authority. There are currently 13 desalination projects under consideration along the California coast.

Image result for how desalination works

Jassby explains how desalination works, why in the U.S. we rely on reverse osmosis rather than thermal-based plants and the environmental impacts of the process. Image result for how desalination worksDesalination has been proposed for years in the U.S., but has always been shot down for being too expensive and requiring too much energy. Now, “the first desalination plant in Carlsbad is coming online in 2016 or maybe even sooner,” says Jassby.

The cost of desalinized water has come down significantly in recent years, making it “pretty comparable” to conventional water sources, according to Jassby. He expects that places that have “ready access to the ocean” and are water-stressed will employ desalination in the coming years. It’s already widely used in other parts of the world such as the Middle East, Australia and parts of Southern Europe.

When the Carlsbad Desalination Project is completed this fall, it will be the largest desalination plant in the Western Hemisphere. Kerl of the San Diego County Water Authority, which is partnering with POSEIDONPoseidon Water on the project, explains why she believes the desalination plant is environmentally
sound and also necessary for the state of California. The state’s recent snowpack survey reveals that the snowpack, a major source of drinking water for residents, is currently five percent of average, according to Kerl.

Crazy Hair Freezing Contest! ~ Northern Canada

IMAGE3IMAGE4IMAGE6IMAGE81-TAKHINI HOT SPRINGS

Takhini Hot Springs


Image result for takhini hot springs whitehorseTakhini Hot Springs (t
ɑːkiːniː) is a natural hot springs located just outside the border of Whitehorse, Yukon (28 km from city centre). It is a locally run business which incorporates two pools at different temperatures and has a campground with over 80 sites. It is a historic site and a very popular destination for tourists and locals.

Water
The hot springs flows from the earth to the surface at a rate of 385 litres (86 gallons) per minute. The temperature from the source is 46.5º Celsius (118º Fahrenheit). The pool is divided into two sections: the hot side and the cool side. As the water flows from the source to the hot pool the water cools to 42º Celsius (107.6º Fahrenheit), the cool side is an average of 36º Celsius (96.8º Fahrenheit). Takhini Hot Springs is fortunate to contain no sulphurous odour as is common to most hot springs.

IMAGE5Brave Participants of the International Hair Freezing contest bathe in air temperatures of -30C to achieve their crazy hairstyles, and this bunch were crowned the winners.

IMAGE7Competitors at the Takhini Hot Springs in Whitehorse, Yukon, northern Canada, bathe in hot springs in 40C temperature water and the sub zero temperatures in the air create this stunning effect.

Image result for Takhini Hot SpringsBased on geothermal research, the hot springs water comes from intersecting faults in the earth. Rain water and snow from the mountains go deep into the earth, where the water is heated and the minerals dissolve. The water then returns to the surface and out of the ground in a small crater (the source). The source is currently located near the pool facilities.
According to tests, it has taken a minimum of 60 years for the water in the pools to come from the ground into the source. During its underground journey to the surface, the water reaches a maximum temperature of 95º Celsius (203º Fahrenheit) and then cools down as it rises to the surface and into the source.
History
Takhini Hot Springs has a long history in the Yukon. Used by the First Nations People for centuries, the site was known for natural hot water flowing from the ground. In 1907 it was commercially promoted Image result for liard hot springs mapfor its therapeutic value. The first pool was made of wood and canvas and was built in the 1940s for the use of the United States Army while they constructed the Alaska Highway. In 1950 a concrete pool was built and that was later replaced by the existing pool and building in the 1970s. In 2008, many renovations were undertaken to improve the pool’s facilities. Renovations are still made to this day.

WATER DROPLET HAPPY ICON GIMPCROPPEDDefinitely not my cup of tea but sure is a lot of fun for all those hardy souls!
Have a great weekend everyone.
See you back here next week.

Drinking water ~ Are we still hooked on plastic?

BOTTLE BANThe following article, “Tapping In – Are municipal bans on bottled water effective in driving sustainable behaviours around drinking water? by Ashlee Jollymore appeared in watercanada’s July/Aug. issue.
Depending on where you are, it may be getting harder to buy a bottle of water. In response to concerns over the environmental, economic, and social impacts of bottled water, local governments in many parts of North America have enacted or considered restrictions on bottled water sales. Most SAN BRIDGEnotably, the City of San Francisco banned bottled water sales on most city-owned properties, making it the largest local government in North America to do so. But are outright bans the best way to promote sustainable choices?
CHARTThe most common argument for restricting the sale of bottled water stems from its environmental footprint. The average Canadian drinks nearly 70 litres of bottled water a year, an increase of 107.3 per cent since 1999. Canadians dispose of RECYCLING CHARTat least a billion plastic water bottles per year. The best case scenario for disposal is recycling and, although rates in Canada are relatively high, recycling is energy intensive and can result in down-cycled materials. Bottles not recycled are diverted to landfills, and in the worst case, become litter in natural environments like oceans, lakes, and rivers.
Opponents to bottled water restrictions highlight the recyclability of plastic bottles and say campaigns to increase recycling are effective at decreasing waste. Opponents also cite the protection of individual freedoms and note that it should be up to the consumer to decide.
Shifting to tap
While bottled water is far from the only type of packaged beverage available to consumers, its impacts are singled out because of concerns over selling water as a product for large corporate profit. Our societal indecision over how to think about water, alternating between water as a commodity and public resource critical for life, “spurs an emotional response that is not seen for other types of
packaged beverages,” said Elizabeth Griswold, the Image result for Canadian Bottled Water Associationexecutive director of the Canadian Bottled Water Association.

In 2009, bottled water sales comprised only 10 per cent of the Canadian non-alcoholic beverage market (with carbonated soft drinks comprising 17 per cent). “Bottled water doesn’t compete with tap water—it competes with other bottled beverages,” Griswold said. “Consumers who are drinking bottled water are replacing it with soft drinks, juice, coffee, all of which come in packaging.” So, how can a ban ensure consumers drink tap water rather than buy a soda?
Image result for convincing the public to drink tap waterThe logistical challenge around implementing bottled water bans is convincing the public to drink tap water as well as ensuring convenient access through fountains, refilling stations, and taps. Consumer perception surveys show that convenience is the most cited reason people drink bottled water, followed by quality Water Pollutantspreferences (including concerns over health impacts as well as taste and aesthetic preferences). Other surveys have shown Canadians tend to trust their municipalities to provide water services and are, for the most part, satisfied with the quality of tap water.
Local governments considering or enacting bans take both points seriously. For a ban to be successful, “Students have to be educated in order to reduce demand for bottled water while also improving infrastructure and access to tap water,” according to Veronika Bylicki of Tap That!, a University of British Columbia group advocating for water alternatives on campus.
In 2009, the City of Toronto banned the sale of plastic bottles in its parks and facilities, including those with business tenants such as civic squares. It focused on a social media and marketing campaign highlighting its motivations and the high quality of municipal water. This helped reduce opposition from citizens, businesses, and vendors affected.
“ Ending the sale of bottled water is necessary to change habits. We can educate for years, and there will still be people who otherwise won’t change to more sustainable habits.” —Veronika Bylicki
“Once they understood what we were trying to do, which was of course environmental, and that our tap water is at least as good as bottled, then it was just business as usual,” said Douglas Reid, manager of facilities for the City of Toronto. “It’s all been pretty positive, really.” He also added there has a been a decrease in the city’s recycling load.
Given that bottled water is extensively marketed to consumers, bans also send a strong message about its cultural acceptability. But altering behaviours and getting people to choose tap water even if they have other choices is a more difficult undertaking.
“People probably do switch to other beverages,” Reid said, adding that “the ban is doing what it is supposed to. If people are drinking water, they are drinking tap water, so environmentally we are doing better. But are we getting people to drink more tap water? That we just don’t know.”
A ban’s greatest strength may be the potency of the message it sends around drinking tap water as the best option. Since the City of Toronto enacted its ban in 2012, Reid said he sees a lot more reusable water bottles around. “It’s one of a number of tools, but it certainly hammers home the point in an effective way,” he said.
ASHLEEAshlee Jollymore is a
biogeochemist and PhD
candidate in the ecohydrology
group at the University of
British Columbia.

 

Hillarious!!! ~ Diary of a Snow Shoveller


SNOW STORMFor all who are experiencing the less than desirable effects of many winter storms and many snowfalls –
Enjoy this humourous tale from your friends at Rainsoft Ottawa.

Snow banks piled high in Ottawa because of a lack of thaws this winter.I for one have run out of room and can’t throw the snow up any higher to clear the existing banks. Living on a crescent, I get the majority of the neighbour’s snow as the plow comes around! 

DIARY OF A SNOW SHOVELLER

December 8 – 6:00 PM It started snowing. The first snow of the season and the wife and I took our cocktail drinks and sat for hours by the window watching the huge soft flakes drift down from heaven. It looked like a Grandma Moses Print. So romantic we felt like newlyweds again. We love snow!

December 9 We woke to a beautiful blanket of crystal white snow covering every inch of the landscape. What a fantastic sight! Can there be a lovelier place in the whole world? Moving here was the best idea I’ve ever had! 

December 10 Shoveled for the first time in years and felt like a little boy again. I cleared both our driveway and the sidewalks.

December 11  This afternoon the snowplow came along and covered up the sidewalks and closed in the driveway, so I got to shovel again. What a perfect life!

December 12 The sun has melted all our lovely snow… Such a disappointment! My neighbor tells me not to worry – we’ll definitely have a White Christmas target. No snow on Christmas would be awful! Bob says we’ll have so much snow by the end of winter, that I’ll never want to see snow again. I don’t think that’s possible. However, Bob is such a nice man, I’m glad he’s our neighbor.


SNOWY DAYDecember 13
Snow, lovely snow! 8 inches last night. The temperature dropped to -20F. The cold makes everything sparkle so. The wind took my breath away, but I warmed up by shoveling the driveway and sidewalks. This is the life!

December 14 The snowplow came back this afternoon and
buried everything again.. I didn’t realize I would have to do quite this much shoveling, but I’ll certainly get back in shape this way. I wish I wouldn’t huff and puff so.

December 15 20 inches forecast for today. I sold my van and bought a 4×4 Blazer. Bought snow tires for the wife’s car and 2 extra shovels. We stocked the freezer. The wife wants a wood stove in case the electricity goes out. I think that’s extravagant. We aren’t in Alaska, after all.

December 16 Ice storm this morning. Fell on my butt on the ice in the driveway putting down salt. Hurt like hell. The wife laughed for an hour, which I think was very cruel.

December 17 Still way below freezing. Roads are too icy to go anywhere.

December  18 Today the electricity was off for 4 hours. We had to pile the blankets on to stay warm. Nothing to do but stare at the wife and try not to irritate her.

December 19 Guess I should’ve bought a wood stove, but won’t admit it to her. Gee I hate it when she’s right. I can’t believe I’m freezing to death in my own living room.

December 20 Yippee the electricity’s back on, but we had another 14 inches of the damn stuff last night. More shoveling! Took all day. The damn snowplow came by twice. Tried to find a neighbor kid to shovel, but they said they’re too busy playing hockey. I think they’re lying.

December 21 Called the only hardware store around to see about buying a snow blower and they’re out. Might have another shipment in March. I think they’re lying. Bob says I have to shovel or the city will have it done and bill me. I think he’s lying.

December 22 Bob was right about a white Christmas because 13 more inches of the white stuff fell today, and it’s so cold, it probably won’t melt till August. Took me 45 minutes to get all dressed up to go out to shovel and then I had to go to the loo. By the time I got undressed and dressed again, I was too tired to shovel. Tried to hire Bob who has a plough on his truck for the rest of the winter, but he says he’s too busy. I think the asshole is lying.

December 23 Only 2 inches of snow today. And it warmed up to zero. The wife wanted me to decorate the front of the house this morning. What is she, nuts?!! Why didn’t she tell me to do that a month ago? She says she did, but I think she’s lying.

December 24 6 inches fell, but the snow was packed so hard by the snowplow, I broke my shovel. Thought I was having a heart attack. If I ever catch the son-of-a-bitch who drives that snowplow, I’ll drag him through the snow by his hair and beat him to death with my broken shovel. I know he hides around the corner and waits for me to finish shoveling and then he comes down the street at a 100 miles an hour and throws snow all over where I’ve just been! Tonight the wife wanted me to sing Christmas carols with her and open our presents, but I was too busy watching for the damn snowplow.

December 25 – Merry Christmas! 20 more inches of the damn slop tonight – Snowed in. The idea of shoveling makes my blood boil. God, I hate the snow! Then the snowplow driver came by asking for a donation and I hit him over the head with my shovel. The wife says I have a bad attitude. I think she’s a real idiot. If I have to watch, “It’s A Wonderful Life” one more time, I’m going to stuff her into the microwave.

December 26 Still snowed in. Why the hell did I ever move here? It was all HER idea. She’s really getting on my nerves.

December 27 Temperature dropped to -30 and the pipes froze; plumber came after 14 hours of waiting for him, he only charged me $1,750 to replace 4 of my pipes.

December 28 Warmed up to above -20. Still snowed in. The BITCH is driving me crazy!!!

December 29 10 more inches. Bob says I have to shovel the roof or it could cave in. That’s the silliest thing I ever heard. How dumb does he think I am?

December 30 Roof caved in. I beat up the snowplow driver, and now he is suing me for a million dollars, not only the beating I gave him, but also for trying to shove the broken snow shovel up his ass. The wife went home to her mother. Nine more inches predicted.

December 31 I set fire to what’s left of the house. No more shoveling.

FEELING HAPPYJanuary 8 Feel so good!

I just love those little white pills they keep giving me.

Why am I tied to the bed???

WATER DROPLET HAPPY ICON GIMPCROPPEDHave a great weekend everyone, and I hope any snow falls headed your way will be small ones – enough is enough!

 

 

Canadian water/wastewater sectors need climate change planning

“No Time to Lose – Canadian water and wastewater sectors must
adapt to climate change” by Hiran Sandanayake appeared in watercanada’s July / Aug 2014 issue

CWWAA few years ago, Canadian Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA ) staff asked its members a simple question: “How prepared are the Canadian water and wastewater sectors for climate change and extreme events?”

The following creative Youtube video, “Water and climate change : let’s adapt!”, published on Jul 30, 2014, mentions many vital concerns:

On the World Environment Day 2014, the Rhone Mediterranean Corsica water agency launched an animated film on adaptation to climate change in the water sector.  Climate change is here. Let’s adapt! The French Government, the Rhone Mediterranean Corsica water agency, the regions of Franche-Comté, Burgundy, Rhône-Alpes, Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur have engaged in a plan to adapt to change climate. Making the ground permeable again to allow water to infiltrate, reducing water waste, preserving wetlands and biodiversity… the plan proposes a range of measures to reduce the vulnerability of territories.

 After discussions, meetings, and a poll, the CWWA developed a quick snapshot. There was some good news: some municipalities saw climate change as a risk worth addressing. Some of them were establishing climate-change policies and strategies, quantifying climate-change risk, and developing adaptation programs for climate change and extreme events.

Unfortunately, there were warning signs, too. There appeared to be a wide range in levels of preparedness across the country. As the national voice for the water and wastewater sector, CWWA felt it urgent to advocate for climate-change adaptation and provide guidance.
CWWA created a new national technical committee for climate change. Since then, it has been bringing early adaptation adopters and champions together to spark a dialogue, learn from each other’s experiences, and learn about data and technical tools available for water and wastewater managers and utilities.

Another short video published Oct. 14, 2013 dealing with this topic is,”Preparing Great Lakes Cities for Climate Change: Adapting to Change and Building Resilience”, emphasizing collaboration between Canada and the USA regarding these concerns.

For communities in the Great Lakes region climate change poses unique challenges and creates intriguing opportunities. While many regions of the country face catastrophic threats of sea level rise or tragic outbreaks of wildfires, climate change impacts in the Great Lakes region create more subtle and insidious stresses on the way we live, work and play in our communities. At the University of Michigan’s Graham Sustainability Institute, we are working to address these impacts and develop strategies for building more resilient cities.

Through my role as chair of the climate-change committee, I have had the privilege of learning from and working with a broad range of professionals from water and wastewater utilities, the private sector, government departments, and academia. During this time, some themes have become apparent to me:
• Adaptation to climate change often requires multi-disciplinary approaches.
• Climate-change planning is founded on many existing municipal planning processes.
• Incremental approaches to climate-change adaptation may not be sufficient.
• Local climate-change risk assessments and proper data are critical to making informed decisions. Without these, proposed solutions may result in monies not being spent on the true priorities or, worse,
may result in maladaption (unintentional exacerbation of vulnerabilities).
• Applying a true climate-change lens to water and wastewater planning may result in different solutions; place new emphasis on non-traditional or non-infrastructure intensive approaches to water management and protection during extreme events; force us to re-examine traditional approaches to uncertainty, risk, vulnerability, and level of service; and require changes now to increase resiliency.
Lessons from extreme events can be instructive for climate-change planning. These events sometimes highlight linkages not readily apparent during normal operations (for example, the limitations of municipal human resources, municipal cash flow/financing, public preparedness, et cetera). In some cases, the lack of mandates and efforts coordinated between jurisdictions can also further complicate adaptation efforts.
Funding for climate-change adaptation is needed, not only by the municipal utilities but also by the regional, provincial, and federal departments that are providing research, technical guidance, and coordination.

Though we have already seen successes in climate change adaptation and collaboration, we are still in the early days of this process. For our part, the CWWA climate-change committee will be Image result for CWWA climate-changepolling municipalities to get an updated survey of the state of climate-change adaptation. We are also creating an electronic resource databank and have other technical and coordination initiatives in the early planning stages.

The time is now to begin the adaptation process. Quantifying local risks and increasing resiliency now is the best and most cost-effective strategy.

HIRANHiran Sandanayake, P.Eng., is a senior water resources engineer with the City of Ottawa and chair of the CWWA ’s climate-change committee.

Interesting related article ~ 
http://www.horizons.gc.ca/eng/book/export/html/1888